What is PCOS?
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that affects a woman’s hormone levels.
Women with PCOS produce higher-than-everyday quantities of male hormones.
This hormone imbalance causes them to pass menstrual periods and makes it harder for them to get pregnant.
PCOS additionally causes hair increase on the face and frame, and baldness.
And it could make contributions to lengthy-time periods problems which could result to like diabetes and coronary heart disease.
Birth control tablets and diabetes capsules can help restore the hormone imbalance and enhance signs and symptoms.
PCOS is a hassle with hormones that affects ladies throughout their childbearing years (ages 15 to forty four).
Between 2.2 and 26.7 percentage of girls in this age group have PCOS .
Many women have PCOS however don’t know it. In one look at, up to 70 percentage of girls with PCOS hadn’t been recognized.
PCOS affects a lady’s ovaries, the reproductive organs that produce estrogen and progesterone — hormones that modify the menstrual cycle.
The ovaries also produce a small quantity of male hormones referred to as androgens.
The ovaries launch eggs to be fertilized with the aid of a person’s sperm. The launch of an egg each month is called ovulation.
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) control ovulation.
FSH stimulates the ovary to produce a follicle — a sac that contains an egg — and then LH triggers the ovary to launch a mature egg.
PCOS is a “syndrome,” or group of symptoms that affects the ovaries and ovulation. Its three main features are:
Cysts in the ovaries
high levels of male hormones
irregular or skipped periods
In PCOS, many small, fluid-stuffed sacs grow within the ovaries. The word “polycystic” means “many cysts.”
These sacs are simply follicles, each one containing an immature egg. The eggs in no way mature sufficient to trigger ovulation.
The loss of ovulation alters ranges of estrogen, progesterone, FSH, and LH. Estrogen and progesterone stages are lower than regular,
while androgen degrees are higher than regular.
Extra male hormones disrupt the menstrual cycle, so ladies with PCOS get fewer durations than usual.
What causes it?
Doctors don’t know exactly what causes PCOS. They consider that excessive ranges of male hormones
save you the ovaries from producing hormones and making eggs commonly.
Genes, insulin resistance, and irritation have all been linked to extra androgen manufacturing.
Up to 70-eighty% of woman have insulin resistance, their cells cannot use insulin nicely.
Obesity is the main purpose of insulin resistance which indeed might also result to broaden for type 2 Diabetes